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2 edition of Physiological limitations on crop production under temperature and moisture stress found in the catalog.

Physiological limitations on crop production under temperature and moisture stress

U.S. National Committee for the International Biological Program. Production Processes Subcommittee.

Physiological limitations on crop production under temperature and moisture stress

report of a research planning conference, San Jose , Costa Rica, November 20-24, 1967

by U.S. National Committee for the International Biological Program. Production Processes Subcommittee.

  • 37 Want to read
  • 8 Currently reading

Published by National Academy of Sciences in Washington .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Crops and climate.,
  • Crop yields.

  • Edition Notes

    StatementProduction Processes Subcommittee, U.S. National Committee for the International Biological Program, Division of Biology and Agriculture, National Research Council.
    ContributionsConference on the Physiological Limitations on Crop Production under Temperature and Moisture Stress (1967 : San Jose, Costa Rica)
    The Physical Object
    Pagination36 p. ;
    Number of Pages36
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL14180210M

    Chapter 1. Stress Environments and Their Impact on Crop Production (Shafiq-ur-Rehman, P. J. C. Harris, and M. Ashraf) Introduction Biotic and Abiotic Stresses Multiple and Variable Stresses and Tolerance Abiotic Stress Symptoms Major Abiotic Stresses Limiting Crop Yield Crop Production in Stressful Conditions Future Prospects; Chapter 2. Temperature stress in terms of both cold and heat stress induces a differential metabolic and physiological responses in cotton, through alterations in plant photosynthetic performance, oxidative balance, normal protein synthesis, stomatal closure, membrane damage, lipid peroxidation and carbohydrate production [3, 4, 5].Cited by: 3.

      Depending on soil characteristics, weather conditions and crop species, crop models calculate the daily growth of biomass in the individual plant organs (stems, leaves, roots, grains/tubers, etc.) as well as the progress of plant development from sowing to maturity. In addition, crop models account for important processes in the soil (water and. Book Chapter In Emerging Technologies and Management of Crop Stress Tolerance,Eds and S. rasool, Elsevier Publishers, pp. ; Kalaji HM, et al. Chlorophyll a fluorescence as a tool to monitor physiological status of plants under abiotic stress : Amit Gautam, Sai Prasad, Divya Ambati, Divya Agarwal, Anjana Jajoo.

    The predicted changes in climate, especially increased atmospheric CO 2, temperature and precipitation, associated with changes in nitrogen deposition, tropo- and stratospheric ozone levels, UV-B radiation, etc. can have great impacts on world agricultural production and supply order for agricultural production to be sufficient to meet the demands of the ever-growing human. Khosro M, Yousef S. Bacterial bio-fertilizers for sustainable crop production: A review APRN Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science. ;7(5) Mfilinge A, Mtei K, Ndakidemi. Effect of Rhizobium inoculation and supplementation with phosphorus and potassium on growth leaf chlorophyll content and nitrogen fixation of bush bean Cited by:


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Physiological limitations on crop production under temperature and moisture stress by U.S. National Committee for the International Biological Program. Production Processes Subcommittee. Download PDF EPUB FB2

Download a PDF of "Physiological Limitations on Crop Production Under Temperature and Moisture Stress" by the National Research Council for free. PHYSIOLOGICAL LIMITATIONS ON CROP PRODUCTION UNDER TEMPERATURE AND MOISTURE STRESS Report of a Research Planning Conference / San Jose, Costa Rica NovemberProduction Processes Subcommittee u.s.

National Committee for Biological Program Division of Biology and National Research Council NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES Washington, D.C. Get this from a library. Physiological limitations on crop production under temperature and moisture stress: report of a research planning conference, San José, Costa Rica, November[U.S.

National Committee for the International Biological Program. Production Process Subcommittee.]. [Show full abstract] moisture stress is developed which further reduces crop yield.

In the present study, application of irrigation water at frequent interval @ 80 % pan evaporative demand. For example abiotic stress, such as e xtreme temperature and low w ater availability frequently limit the gro wth and productivity of major crop species including cereals (Barnabás et al.

Physiological ideotype and pyramiding approach: A physiological ideotype for drought resistance could be defined in terms of specific physiological traits expected to contribute functionally to optimize yield production and stability under moisture-deficit environments.

The various steps involved in this kind of approach are as follows. Corn stand density, grain moisture at harvest, and weed community prior to the first herbicide application in emerged corn did not differ among cover crop treatments and the no-cover crop control.

However, corn grain yield following triticale cover crop was about 5, kg/ha lower yielding than corn production following the turnip cover crop. At freezing temperatures, photosynthesis is completely inhibited owing to low temperature, moisture stress, internal injury, and production of reactive oxygen species (ROS).

Genotypes surviving at temperature as low as 0 °C having normal morphology have been screened to serve as sources of cold tolerance in pigeonpea [66].Cited by: 8.

Several independent studies have demonstrated the effects of increased temperature and water stress on crop yields. For example in Canada, the extreme events that occurred during and and the droughts and floods during and had a devastating impact on crop yield reducing by as much as 50% (Wheaton et al., ).Cited by:   Figure 1.

Predicted average growing season temperatures for in each wheat mega-environment (circle color; adapted from Ramirez and Jarvis, ).Red numbers show average growing season temperatures above 18°C (indicative of chronically high temperature stress according to Wardlaw and Wrigley, ).

Water stress can severely reduce crop yield and both the severity and duration of the stress are critical. Water availability is a key driver for sustainable cotton production and its limitations can adversely affect physiological and biochemical processes of plants, leading towards lint yield by:   Physiological parameters measured for plants of cultivars Koroneiki and Royal under mM NaCl at 15, 36 and 43 DAT (except for chlorophyll content, Cited by: 3.

2. Water use in agriculture. Some figures at different scales illustrate the amount of water used in agriculture. Globally, some ×10 3 km 3 of water were used in agriculture in ().While significant amounts of water are used in animal production and food processing, water availability limits animal production mostly through the production of fodder crops and forage, and it is therefore Cited by:   For some years, workers have been investigating the possibilities of integrating knowledge from soil and atmospheric sciences, crop physiology, and genetics in order to model crop response to water stress and breed plants for drought book turns the theory into practice.

Information, gathered from recent symposia and research journals, have been built upon by the authors. Crop water stress index is determined by an infrared thermometry technique to indicate the change in canopy temperature of plants under water stress conditions.

More physiological indices such as leaf water potential, relative water content, turgor potential, osmotic adjustment, difference between canopy and air temperature can also be used as Cited by: 2. Drought, excess moisture, salinity and heat stress are amongst the most important environmental factors influencing crop growth, development and yield processes.

A comprehensive understanding of the impact of these stress factors will be critical in evaluating the impact of climate change and climate variability on horticultural crop by: 3. 1. Introduction. The world population is expanding rapidly and will pass from its current number of billion to billion by the year [].To provide enough food for an expanding world population, a massive increase in crop production is required to meet the food demands of future generations, while preserving the ecological and energy-related resources of our by: Lawlor, D.

Genetic engineering to improve plant performance under drought: physiological evaluation of achievements, limitations and possibilities. Journal of Experimental Botany.

64, pp. courses for ph. in agronomy course no. course title credits/ marks agron research methodology and techniques 4 / agron crop production and system modeling 4 / agron advances in crop growth and productivity 4 / agron advances in soil fertility management 4 / agron advances in irrigation management 4 / agron advances in weed management 4 / Fischer RA () Influence of water stress on crop yield in semiarid regions.

In: Turner NC, Kramer PJ (eds) Adaptation of plants to water and high temperature stress. Wiley and Cited by:. Plant drought stress response and resistance are complex biological processes that need to be analyzed at a systems level using genomics and physiological approaches to dissect experimental models that address drought stresses encountered by crops in the field.

Toward this goal, a controlled, sublethal, moderate drought (mDr) treatment system was developed in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis .During last few decades, lots of physiological and molecular works have been conducted under water stress in crop plants.

Water Stress and Crop Plants: A Sustainable Approach presents an up-to-date in-depth coverage of drought and flooding stress in plants, including the types, causes and consequences on plant growth and development.The worldwide importance of soybean and the main limitations to crop yields.

Because of its potential for large-scale production, soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merrill) has excelled in the world agricultural economy as a major oilseed present, soybeans are grown primarily for oil extraction and for use as a high protein meal for animal feed (Singh & Shivakumar, ).Cited by: 8.